IOM continues direct engagement to strengthen the migration and border management functions of the Kurdistan Regional Government

Under the EU-funded HIJRA AMINA programme implemented by IOM Iraq, 21 officials of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) spent ten days in an intensive advanced Training of Trainers (ToT) on Training and Document Examination. The course was designed to enhance the training skills of participants to enable them to sustain wider capacity building initiatives in the future. The 21 officials were from the Ministry of Interior –– General Directorate of Nationality, Sulaymaniyah Immigration Training Centre, KRI’s major international airports—Erbil and Sulaymaniyah and land border points of Bashmakh, Haji Omaran, Ibrahim Khalil and Parwezkhan –– and the General Directorate of Asaysh in Erbil.

The first five days of the training aimed at capacitating the participants to develop and lead training. They were engaged in understanding the roles and responsibilities of a trainer, diverse teaching styles and methods, types and uses of learning materials, course planning, personality and psychology of adult learners, and practical presentations and evaluations.

The second part of the training emphasized the practical approach to document examination as an effective way to build the required skills of border guards and passport officials to efficiently control and facilitate movement of travelers at the different types of border points. The hands-on approach enabled participants to practice their skills in the detection of false and forged documents and in exploring features of genuine passports.

This was an opportunity for participants to enhance their knowledge and skills in the use of document inspection equipment, conducting proper sequential passport inspection, detecting and recognising suspicious documents and imposters. The diversity of the practical sessions enabled participants to benefit from international best practices and to inspect a wide variety of genuine and forged/falsified documents from around the world –– focusing on the security features of identity and travel documents, detection of forgery, and traveller interview and assessment.

The training also provided a unique opportunity for the officials to maximize the use of their senses –– touch, smell, hearing, and sight –– to observe and detect suspicious signs, especially when they come across a potential forgery and falsification cases and also to understand the suitable differences between genuine and counterfeit documents.

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