IOM Iraq broadens the dialogue on Housing Land and Property Right issues of the displaced population in Iraq
In the framework of the European Union (EU)-funded HIJRA AMINA Programme,The International Organization of Migration (IOM) in Iraq brought together key decision makers from the Central Government of Iraq (GoI) and from the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) to consider housing, land and property (HLP) rights issues caused by the current displacement in Iraq and to discuss possible ways forward. IOM staff presented the results of their assessment on land and property issues conducted through individual interviews and 20 focus group discussions in Erbil, Dohuk and Sulaymaniah in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, and in Baghdad, Najaf and Basra in Central and Southern Iraq. The target displaced population of 45 women and 175 men represented a variety of locations of origin (Ninewa, Salah al-Din, Anbar and Diyala), ethnicities (Arabs, Kurds, Turkmen, Yezidis) and religious affiliations (Shia, Sunni, Yezidis, Christians, Shabaks).
Senior officials from a range of ministries, members of Iraqi Parliament, local councils and representatives from IDP communities contributed valuable insights to expand understandings of the context and challenges as they engaged in a productive and dynamic dialogue.
IOM experts from the Land and Property Reparation Division in Geneva presented findings of the assessment which described various consequences of the collective and individual circumstances of property loss. Discussion topics included the lack of property documentation and personal identification, the destruction of cultural heritage and religious sites, and the appropriation of government infrastructure including the state’s land administration infrastructure, looting, and the illegal rental and sale of confiscated property in areas under control of ISIL and associated groups.