Joint Program on Livelihood Assistance
The UNHCR and IOM joint Livelihood Program has become the cornerstone of sustainable social and economic assistance for many vulnerable Iraqis. Post-conflict Iraq is severely challenged by both high unemployment and underemployment, and this reality is even worse for IDPs and returnees adapting to a new home in Iraq without job security. To address these social and economic struggles, UNHCR and IOM coordinates with the Ministry of Migration and Displacement (MoMD), Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (MoLSA), and Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) to provide vocational training, agricultural production training and in-kind grants (IKGs) to the most vulnerable Iraqis seeking support for small businesses and agricultural production. Livelihood Program phase II is a ten-month project that took place in Baghdad between March and December 2013 as a follow up to the success of the first phase livelihood program. A total of 995 displaced people and returnees have directly benefitted from the Livelihood Program phase I and II. The impact is far greater than the number of beneficiaries, as the resources and training develop sustainable businesses which serve the entire communities that livelihood programming targets: Adhamia, Kadimia, Al Resafa, Mahmoudiya, Tarmia, and Thawra.
UNHCR and IOM believe in sustainable social and economic growth, which is why the livelihood program focuses on empowering farmers and small business owners who have the capacity to feed and support their own local communities. During the second phase of the program, small-scale farmers were trained in natural resource management, organic composting, small crop planting, and green house management.