Monitoring and Assessment
Since 2003, IOM has assessed and monitored the movements, needs, conditions and intentions of populations throughout Iraq. IOM monitoring and assessments have covered roughly one million internally displaced persons. These assessments provide valuable qualitative and quantitative information about IDP and returnee needs, which IOM is in turn able to compile, analyze and distribute to government officials, humanitarian actors, think tanks, reporters, academics and other key stakeholders. IOM monitors located in each governorate use several forms to gather data: IDP Rapid Assessment Questionnaires; 2) Returnee Rapid Assessment Questionnaires that address a number of issues and needs, including food, health care, water and sanitation, return and prior displacement locations, and reasons for return; 3) Project Recommendations, which provide IOM with urgent emergency distribution recommendations as well as recommended community assistance projects; and 4) Location Assessments, which identify demographic information, infrastructure, economy, education, health, security, commodities, institutions and services used by people in the settlement/location. Through its Information Management System (IMS), IOM continues to identify vulnerable displaced and returnee populations who are in need of urgent emergency assistance in the form of food, water, and non-food items. As these especially vulnerable IDP and returnee populations are identified, IOM follows up with vulnerability criteria forms, which help identify potential beneficiaries based on their vulnerability, and enables IOM to determine exactly what type of assistance is needed.