Displacement Tracking Matrix
The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is an information management tool developed by the International Organization for Migration to gather baseline information on displaced populations and their conditions in the location in which they have temporarily settled.
DTM was first implemented in Iraq in 2006 to track the movements of internally displaced people (IDPs) during the wave of sectarian violence. It has been rolled out in over 30 countries including Haiti, Pakistan, Mali, the Philippines, and South Sudan.
Since late December 2013, tens of thousands of families have fled their homes in Anbar Governorate, where recent clashes between armed opposition groups (AoG) and Iraqi Security Forces have destabilized the area. In the beginning of June, as the conflict spread, another wave of mass displacement occurred when AoGs seized control of Mosul city in the governorate of Ninewa. Early estimates suggested hundreds of thousands of families immediately displaced due to this escalation of violence, the majority of which fled towards the Kurdistan Region. The AoG offensive quickly spread into the surrounding governorates of Salah al-Din and Diyala; as these groups advance south, they are causing further displacement.
In coordination with the Humanitarian Country Team in Iraq (HCT), the Iraqi Ministry of Migration and Displacement (MoMD) and other stakeholders, IOM Iraq is implementing DTM to support the overall efforts of the HCT as outlined in the 2014 Iraq Strategic Response Plan (SRP). The SRP addresses the coordinated response of HCT partners to the Anbar Crisis for a six month period, beginning in February 2014 and ending in July 2014.
DTM is a flexible instrument, adaptable to diverse situations, changing information needs, and external feedback. The methodological concept of DTM among each mission remains the same; however, implementation and operations are adapted accordingly to the situation at hand. After each round of DTM implementation there is a period for evaluation to allow for continual improvement. Information is disseminated through the arrangement of results that can be download from our website, as well as viewed though interactive maps.
How Does DTM Work?
The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is an information management tool developed by the International Organization for Migration. The DTM endeavors to become a complete information source and an effective displacement monitoring tool to be implemented by IOM missions globally. The methodological concept among each mission remains the same; however, implementation and operations are adapted accordingly to the prevailing situation at hand. Therefore, access and security limitations must be considered alongside the complex and fluid nature of the observed displacement seen in Iraq today. The DTM is adaptable to these constraints and sets out to provide a continual, up to date snapshot of displacement sites and populations throughout Iraq.
As the DTM was implemented at the start of 2014, the methodology in Iraq has been two-fold and contained within a continual cycle; the first stage involves the identification of displaced populations through a network of community-level key informants (KI), government registration data, and information provided by other agencies. In the second stage, locations are validated, assessed, and profiled in order to gain a detailed understanding of the situation for IDPs. The process of identifying, validating, and assessing locations is cyclical, and designed to effectively track the continued movements and trends of displaced populations at the location and governorate level, as the situation evolves.
If IDP locations become inaccessible due to deterioration of the security situation, hindering IOM’s rapid assessment and response team (RART) from conducting field assessments, then Stage I of DTM is extended while the second stage of location profiling is put on hold. ‘Stage I plus’ continues to identify the exact locations and numbers of IDPs while adding key information, using an approach in which the overall displacement caseload (master list) is regularly updated. The addition of key information includes shelter type occupied, access to services, needs and assistance received.
Implemented under the same methodological framework and in response to the ongoing displacement seen across Iraq, IOM RART were initially deployed to conduct ‘Stage 1 plus’ of the DTM in Anbar and later in the northern and central governorates of Iraq to collect critical data on the location of those displaced, the population size hosted within the identified locations, accompanied with key information of shelter, needs and access. The standard procedure of DTM stage I and stage II continues throughout the rest of Iraq. All gathered information will be shared on a weekly basis with partner agencies and stakeholders.
The limitations and barriers affecting the operations of the DTM can include restrictions of movement and access to certain locations, intermittent internet service and difficulties in communication with key informants due to prevailing insecurities.
DTM Assessment Tools
As part of the adaptability of the DTM, all assessment tools implemented within the field need to be responsive to both operational limitations and information needs of all DTM stakeholders. In response to operational constraints, DTM ‘Stage I plus’ master list was developed and first deployed in Anbar in the early part of 2014, and later in the central governorates of Iraq as the security situation rapidly deteriorated in June. The template of both master lists can be downloaded below.
In the second stage of DTM, the identified locations and displaced populations are validated, assessed, and profiled in order to gain more detailed understanding of the situation for IDPs. As the situation develops and the needs of IDPs change over time, the location profile assessment must be amended accordingly while taking into consideration the information needs of all stakeholders, including HCT members, donors and government institutions. Embedded within the DTM methodology, the location profile assessment is evaluated internally and externally at the closure of Stage II per round.
To ensure maximum utility of the data collected, IOM leads a technical work group (TWIG) to focus on the evaluation and amendment of the DTM location profile assessment form, inviting input and feedback for all members, while remaining open to additional comments from non-TWIG members. Upon receiving feedback, the assessment is amended accordingly by IOM to address the evolving situation and information needs of stakeholders where possible. The TWIG was activated under the Shelter and NFI cluster in coordination with the HCT in Iraq and the Iraqi MoMD to support the overall efforts of the HCT as outlined in the 2014 Iraq SRP. The latest DTM location profile assessment can be downloaded below.
The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is an information management tool and IOM strives to inform all stakeholders on the whereabouts and the situation of the displaced population from the current crisis currently engulfing Iraq. The DTM provides critical tracking and monitoring information of displacement on as regular basis as the prevailing situation allows and to as wider an audience as possible. This is done through the thorough and continual identification of stakeholders, full co-operation and proactive participation within the HCT cluster response and coordination and development of several key, comprehensive and easily accessible results. These include an Overview Report, Site profiles (link), Google map files, and full dataset; all which can be accessed below following registration ( link) and login ( link).
The DTM continually tracks and monitors displacement across Iraq allowing IOM to identify the locations to which IDPs have chosen to settle. The location and population of these IDPs are recorded and further in-depth assessments are conducted to identify the multi-sectorial needs of the displaced. All assessed displacement sites are flagged on the interactive map below.
When a Flag is clicked, the information gathered through the DTM for that location is displayed underneath the map. With a newly introduced amendment of the DTM methodology, IOM Iraq provides a confidence rating of the data for each Site Profile. The data is rated on numerous factors including; the number of Key Informants used, discrepancies between information received, accessibility of location, and personal ability to validate the information received.
• A red flag represents 0-50% credibility; data should be revalidated and site reassessed - to be used only as indicators to guide further assessment.
• An orange flag represents 50-80% credibility; data is credible but should be used with some caution and a cross check/follow up is advised, but still provides a clear overview of the community.
• A green flag represents 80-100% credibility; data is credible and can be trusted. Data source is fully trusted and their information has been physically validated by IOM staff.
• A white flag represents a location that has only been identified through stage I of DTM implementation and not yet assessed. IDP population figures are yet to be validated