Iraq IDP Crisis

Since December 2013, heavy fighting between the Iraqi Security Forces and Armed Groups has resulted in instability, violence, and population displacement.  As of April 2017, IOM identified over 3 million Iraqis internally displaced by violence. 

Iraq’s humanitarian challenges are immense. 

The majority of displaced Iraqis are living in private settings (over 1.8 million, including in host families or in rented accommodation); and over 680,000 are in camps. More than 470,000 continue living in critical shelter arrangements, including unfinished buildings, abandoned buildings, schools, and religious buildings.  

IOM Iraq was among the first humanitarian organisations to respond to this emergency, and has worked since the onset of violence to support displaced Iraqis across the country.

IOM executes a variety of activities to deliver life-saving items to IDPs.  IOM is co-Chair of the Non-Food Item (NFI)/Shelter Cluster for the Iraq Humanitarian Country Team, which addresses the IDP Crisis. 

In partnership with with UN Agencies and external stakeholders, IOM delivers critical NFIs, emergency shelter units, and mobile medical teams to hundreds of thousands of IDPs throughout Iraq. 

IOM provides the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), Government of Iraq (GoI) and Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) with an advanced understanding of IDP numbers, location and movement, through the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM); an information management tool developed by IOM to track and monitor displaced populations and the conditions in the areas in which they have temporarily settled. DTM was launched in Iraq in 2006 to track the movements of IDPs during earlier waves of sectarian violence.

To date, IOM has implemented the DTM in over 30 countries including Haiti, Pakistan, Mali, the Philippines, and South Sudan.

IOM has a proven ability to reach vulnerable populations in even the most remote locations of Iraq. In order to reach displaced and vulnerable Iraqis in greatest need of assistance, IOM requires a total of $76 million in funds by the end of 2017.

Explore the links below for more details about the current situation in Iraq and IOM Iraq's response to the crisis, as well as the latest DTM Report.

On Sunday 7 September, IOM Iraq joined a relief convoy bringing emergency supplies from Erbil in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq to the formerly besieged town of Amerli.

IOM delivered 1,000 kits of non-food items to an estimated 6,000 internally displaced people in the town, which is between Baghdad and Kirkuk...

Displacement Tracking Matrix Highlights

On 3 August 31,146 Yazidi and 2,965 Christian families were displaced from Sinjar City and east of Mosul. IOM has identified 26,156 Yazidi families seeking refuge in Dohuk governorate, with an additional 4,650 families in the disputed border areas between Ninewa and...

Since 15 June, and in response to the increasing IDP caseload and the immediate needs of displaced families, IOM Rapid Assessment and Response Teams (RART) have provided NFI kits to 3,640 IDP families (an estimated 21,840 individuals).  Additonally, IOM facilitated the delivery of food parcels on behalf of the...

The IOM Rapid Assessment and Response Teams (RART) reported that 150 Christian families fled their homes in Mosul City on 18-19 July. In response to these displaced families, IOM distributed 2,425 IOM NFI kits and 249 UNFPA Women’s Dignity kits between between 17-23 July. 

Overall, IOM distributed 12,171...

An IOM monitoring team paid a visit to Khazir Transit Camp, a 40-minute drive away from Erbil. The team met with Faisal and other camp residents from Mosul, Salah Al-Din, and other surrounding areas that have been subjected to violence.

Over the past three weeks, IOM has provided essential aid packages to...

As a result of recent clashes in the district of Hamdaniyah within the governorate of Ninewa, thousands of individuals from Christian communities within the sub-district of Qaraqosh have been displaced to other parts of the governorate, and into the Kurdish Region of Iraq (KRI) where they are now seeking shelter in...

At the onset of violence between Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) and Armed Opposition Groups (AOGs) in the city of Mosul in early June, it was reported that hundreds of thousands of Iraqis had fled the city and surrounding disputed districts. In response, IOM immediately deployed Rapid Assessment and Response teams to...

At the onset of violence between Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) and Armed Opposition Groups (AOGs) in the city of Mosul in early June, it was reported that hundreds of thousands of Iraqis had fled the city and surrounding disputed districts. In response, IOM immediately deployed Rapid Assessment and Response teams to...

Since June 15th, IOM has worked around the clock to provide much needed assistance to people fleeing the recent violence in Mosul and  the surrounding governorates. With local authorities and the UN Country Team, IOM has distributed 1,160 IOM Non-Food Item (NFI) emergency packages, 820 food packages and 820 hygiene...

On June 16th, 2014, families displaced by the recent surge of violence in Mosul gathered outside the local security headquarters in Kalakchi, a small town in Al-Shikan, a northern district of Ninewa, eagerly waiting to receive one of the one hundred emergency packages delivered from IOM Iraq’s central warehouse in ...

250 family emergency packages were delivered from IOM Iraq’s central warehouse in Erbil to IDP families in Al-Shikhan, a northern district of Ninewa, providing much needed support to individuals fleeing the recent surge of violence in Mosul and surrounding governorates. This distribution was done in coordination...

June 15, 2014 - 250 family emergency packages were delivered from IOM Iraq’s central warehouse in Erbil to IDP families in Al-Shikhan, a northern district of Ninewa, providing much needed support to individuals fleeing the recent surge of violence in Mosul and surrounding governorates. This distribution was done in...

On the morning of 7 June 2014, heavy fighting between the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) and the Armed Opposition Groups (AOGs) erupted in Mosul, the second largest city in Iraq, which is located in the northern governorate of Ninewa. The violence has resulted in numerous casualties and AOG takeover of the entire city...

Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) – Since January 2014, IOM has identified 79,810 families (478,860 individuals) displaced due to the crisis in Anbar. DTM is an information management tool developed by the International Organization for Migration to gather baseline information on...

As of 22 May 2014, the Ministry of Migration and Displacement (MoMD) has ocially registered 72,325 internally displaced families (an estimated 433,950 individuals) as a result of the Anbar Crisis, with 50,922 families displaced within the governorate of Anbar and 21,403 families displaced in other governorates....

The total number of IDP families displaced within Anbar has increased from 29,203 to 39,829 (i.e. 10,626 additional IDP families, representing approximately 63,756 individuals) since the last update. This represents a 36% increase between the 25th February and the 7th March.

Whilst numbers of IDP families...

NFI Distribution in Karbala - 2014 NFI Distribution in Karbala - January 2014 Video of NFI Distribution in Karbala - 2014 The escalating violence in Anbar governorate has caused thousands of Iraqis to flee to neighboring...

IOM staff working on the front lines rarely have their stories told. But with the deteriorating security situation in parts of Iraq, their role becomes ever more important. As increased violence in Anbar and Syrian refugees continue to crossover the border into the KRG, internally displaced persons and refugees...

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