Iraq IDP Crisis

Since December 2013, heavy fighting between the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) and Armed Opposition Groups (AOG) in the governorates throughout northern Iraq has resulted in instability, violence, and population displacement.  As of 18 August 2014, IOM identified 218,435 families (an estimated 1,310,610 individuals) displaced from violence, as well as 1,483 IDP sites. 

Iraq’s humanitarian challenges are immense. 

More than 1.3 million Iraqis have been confirmed displaced in 2014, in three distinct displacement waves 1) those displaced from the Anbar conflict starting in early January, 2) the Mosul conflict, which began in early June and 3) the Sinjar crisis in which began on 4 August. While many Iraqis have found their way to displacement camps, many living in schools, mosques, churches and in unfinished buildings.

 

 

IOM Iraq was among the first humanitarian organisations to respond to this emergency, and has worked since the onset of violence to support and serve Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) across Iraq. The ongoing violence has rapidly accelerated displacement with flows of Iraqis moving from Kurdistan region to locations in the central, western, and souther regions of Iraq. 

IOM executes a variety of activities to deliver life-saving items to IDPs.  IOM is co-Chair of the Non-Food Item (NFI)/Shelter Cluster for the Iraq Humanitarian Country Team  2014 Iraq Strategic Response Plan (SRP), which addresses the IDP Crisis. 

In partnership with with UN Agencies and external stakeholders, IOM delivers critical NFIs, emergency shelter units, and mobile medical teams to hundreds of thousands of IDPs throughout Iraq. 

As one of its core 'products' IOM provides the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), Government of Iraq (GoI) and Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) with an advanced understanding of IDP numbers, location and movement, through the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM); an information management tool developed by IOM to track and monitor displaced populations and the conditions in the areas in which they have temporarily settled. DTM was launched in Iraq in 2006 to track the movements of IDPs during earlier waves of sectarian violence.

 

To date, DTM has been rolled out in over 30 countries includingHaiti, Pakistan, Mali, the Philippines, and South Sudan. 

As of 18 August, IOM has distributed 22,157 NFIs, 16,685 World Food Programme (WFP) food parcels, 1,820 UNFPA Women's Dignity Kits (WDK), 1,513 UNICEF hygiene kits, and 3 World Health Organisation (WHO) Type-B medical kits to IDPs in eleven different governorates affected by the Iraq IDP Crisis.

 

IOM has proven that as long as we have the resources, we have ability to reach vulnerable populations in even the most remote locations of Iraq. In order to reach beneficiaries as outlined in the  SRP, IOM requires a total of $40 million in funds by the end of December 2014.

Explore the links below for more details about the current situation in Iraq and IOM Iraq's response to the crisis, as well as the latest DTM Report.

NFI kits contain the most essential and urgently required items, including gas cookers, kerosene heaters, cleaning powder, mattresses, pillows, blankets, towels, carpets, and plastic cabinets. The IOM NFI distribution was organized in coordination with local government officials from the Kerbala Provincial Council...

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