Ninewa governorate profile, August 2015
Ninewa, Iraq’s second largest governorate, is situated in northern Iraq and has a total population of 3,600,000 individuals (excluding Syrian refugees and IDPs) according to the Ministry of Planning.
Over the past decade, ethno-religious persecution resulted in massive migrations to, from, and within Ninewa. Sectarian conflicts have been exacerbated by disputes between the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) and the Government of Iraq (GOI) over the governance of six of Ninewa’s nine districts (Sinjar, Telafar, Tilkaif, Al-Shikhan, Akre and Al-Hamdaniya). Since the beginning of the latest crisis, the Governorate has been the theatre of dramatic events that have shaped the dynamics of IDP movement.
Since the AGs seized control over Mosul in early June, the city’s population has been subjected to religious persecution and many families were forced to leave their homes. The US-led Operation Inherent Resolve in the aftermath of the Sinjar offensive forced more persons into displacement. As a result, in August the governorate hosted 6% of all IDPs who displaced across Iraq (199,326 individuals). Moreover, Ninewa was the governorate of origin of over 1,030,000 displaced people, as vast areas of its territory remain under AGs control. The besieged population reportedly struggles with severe food insecurity, fear and desperation, as no prospect of peace seems imminent.