Iraq Crisis | Situation Report | 15 October to 15 November
Armed conflict continues to cause displacement in various areas of Iraq. IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has identified 533,773 displaced families since the onset of the crisis in January 2014. However, as displacement continues, there is an increasing trend of Iraqis returning to their areas of origin.
To date, DTM has identified 415,632 internally displaced persons (IDPs) who have now returned to their places of origin. Most returns are to the central governorates of Salah al-Din, Diyala and Ninewa. However, the aftermath of conflict in recently liberated areas creates new vulnerabilities for returnees with many returning to damaged or destroyed homes and few services; humanitarian response is also curtailed due to uncertain security situations which leaves returnees with little protection.
With winter approaching, the increasingly harsh weather conditions are placing greater numbers at risk. In Baghdad, which is currently the most severely impacted area, more than 10,000 IDP families have been affected by flooding, heavy winds and rain. In coordination with UN agencies and the local authorities, IOM has been able to replace damaged tents and distribute winter non-food item kits to those in need.
Falah, a father of five displaced by violence from Ramadi six months ago, spoke with IOM staff at a recent distribution at Al Bo Fahed camp in Anbar governorate.“Many of the old IDP tents, including ours, have been destroyed in the heavy rains. Our food was spoiled. Families rushed and bought plastic sheets to cover their tents. We have no money, so had to borrow to buy our plastic sheets. We are happy to have received heaters from IOM as the tents are really cold now. The rain made our lives much more difficult.”