Anbar governorate profile, May 2015
Anbar is situated in western Iraq. With a total population of 1,485,985,it is the largest and the most spacious governorate in the country. Over the past decade, Anbar saw multiple waves of displacement, including the influx of IDPs fleeing in the aftermath of the February 2006 bombing of Al-Askari Shia mosque in Samarra city and the two outbreaks of violence over the past two years, of which both took place in Ramadi district. The December 2013 spread of violence, followed by the April 2015 crisis forced over 1,020,000 Anbar residents to displace, most of whom displaced internally - in particular within Falluja and Ramadi districts - the sites of the fiercest battles between armed groups (AGs) and Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) - or headed to neighbouring Baghdad. Additionally, in May, Anbar held nearly 532,000 IDP individuals.
In result of a US-led Operation Inherent Resolve launched in the aftermath of the Sinjar offensive, areas in Falluja, Ramadi and Hadeetha districts are being targeted by a numerous coalition airstrikes, which pushes more IDPs out of their dwellings. The intensifying fights led to the aforementioned April 2015 Ramadi crisis, which have driven nearly over 130,000 individuals to locations both within and outside the governorate.