Baghdad governorate profile, May 2015
With 7,145,470 individuals, Baghdad is the most populous governorate in the country, which also holds one of the largest share of Iraqi IDPs, totalling over 476,000 persons.Strategic location in the centre of Iraq, together with political importance of the country’s capital combined to the fact that over the past decade this governorate received multiple waves of IDPs.In result, Baghdad held over a third of the estimated 1,6 million IDPs displaced in the aftermath of the Samarra 2006 bombings.
Moreover, Thawra 1 and 2 which make up Sadr City, the poorest area in Baghdad, used to be a stronghold of Shiaa militia, which fought against American forces following the American Intervention. Currently, since the start of the recent conflict in late 2013, IDPs continue to flow to Baghdad and settle mostly in Karkh, Abu Ghraib and Mahmoudiya districts, which are situated near Ramadi and Falluja - the areas affected the most by the ongoing violence. The security situation remains unstable due to the activity of various militias and spread of kidnappings for ransom. In result, over 62,000 individuals displaced from and within Baghdad. With intensifying fights between armed groups (AGs) and Iraqi Security Forces (ISF), more IDPs are brought to the governorate. The influx of whom place an additional strain on the basic services including electricity and water. Reportedly, both, host community and IDPs live in continuous fear that violence ravaging Anbar in result of the Ramadi crisis might spread in Baghdad.