Dahuk governorate profile, April 2015
Situated on the border with Turkey, Dahuk is the northernmost governorate of Iraq with a total population of 505,491. Along with Erbil and Sulaymaniyah, it composes the area administrated by the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG).
Following the 2006 Samarra bombings that triggered the outbreak of sectarian violence, almost 55,000 IDP individuals were forcibly displaced to Dahuk. Since the onset of violence in December 2013, Dahuk saw the arrival of new IDPs fleeing in the aftermath of three security incidents: the January Anbar Crisis, the June Mosul Crisis and the August Sinjar offensive. Dahuk is a safe haven for one of the largest population of the 2014-2015 IDPs in the entire country, in addition to a significant number
of Syrian refugees. Dahuk enjoys stable security, which was the main pull factor for those who displaced there. However, an increasing population has placed a strain on the local economy, services and local infrastructure, hampering delivery of basic services and stretching the economic capacity of the KRG to its maximum. Notably, the poverty rate in the KRI increased from 3.5% to 8.1% since 2013. The influx of individuals and deteriorated security situation outside KRI resulted in the rise of housing costs by 12,3% in Dahuk and the price of fuel by 25,5%. Notably, the official IDP registration with the authorities is ongoing. The majority of IDPs in Dahuk are of Kurdish Yazidi ethno-religious background.