Dohuk governorate profile, August 2015
Bordering Turkey, Dahuk is the northernmost governorate of Iraq and has a total population of 505,491 individuals (excluding Syrian refugees and IDPs). With Erbil and Sulaymaniyah, Dahuk is part of the area administered by the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG).
Following the 2006 Samarra bombings, which triggered an outbreak of sectarian violence, almost 55,000 IDPs had to displace to Dahuk.
Since the outbreak of violence in December 2013, Dahuk has received new IDPs who were fleeing in the aftermath of three security incidents: the January Anbar crisis, the June Mosul crisis and the September Sinjar offensive. By September, the governorate hosted 407,600 IDPs.
Despite some tensions between the Turkish government and units of the armed wing of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) based in KRI, Dahuk continues to enjoy a stable security situation. Because it shares borders with Turkey, the governorate has become an important stop for Iraqi nationals wishing to flee abroad. According to UNHCR, Zakho district is a strategic smuggling hub, which affects the local labor and housing market.