A Gendered Perspective: Safety, Dignity and Privacy of Camp and Camp-like Settings in Iraq
For the past three decades, Iraq has witnessed conflicts that have caused multiple waves of human displacement. Since January 2014, the violence between armed groups and government forces has resulted in the displacement of 3.3 million individuals, of whom over 552,000 are living in camps and camp-like settings throughout the country.
This report analyzes the gender-related concerns about safety, privacy and dignity of internally displaced persons (IDPs) hosted in camps and camp-like settings across Iraq, and discusses the impact of these concerns, war and displacement on gender relations.
The findings of this report are based on 1,036 site assessments done across Iraq in camps and camp-like settings and 44 Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with IDP men and women - in equal numbers. Data was collected between February-July 2015.
Compared to males, female IDPs face disproportionate restrictions to live their lives in safety, dignity and privacy. This report highlights the impact of the violent conflict on women's ability to independently access public spaces, services and goods, and the difficulty this poses on humanitarian actors to ensure that all groups of IDPs are represented and have access to assistance. By contrast, as is the case in other conflict-affected countries, in contested areas of Iraq being male means being exposed to life-threatening risks because men and boys are often direct targets in the armed fighting.