Kerbala governorate profile, June 2015
Kerbala is located in south central Iraq. With a total population of 1,012,356 individuals, it is one of the country’s smallest governorate and a holy site for Shia Muslims, which attracts pilgrims from Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. As a result, Kerbala has well developed religious infrastructure, including hussayniyat and mosques.
Over the past decade, Kerbala received over 57,000 IDPs in the aftermath of the 2006 Samarra bombing.
The stable security situation and particular ethno-religious make-up of the governorate continue to pull new IDPs. In addition to blooming religious tourism, which boosts up the local economy.
The recent crisis has already driven here over 72,300 persons, the majority of whom displaced from Ninewa after June and were reportedly Shiaa of Turkmen origin.
Kerbala, after Najaf hosts the second largest share of IDPs who stay in religious buildings, totaling 30% of those who displaced within the country and reside in the aforementioned shelter type.
Reportedly, due to the August 2014 decision of local authorities IDPs who originate in Anbar are required to provide a local sponsor upon their arrival to Kerbala district.
In May, the MoMD registration process covered only IDPs who originate in Anbar, due to the statistical purposes.