Missan governorate profile, August 2015
Situated in the upper south-east region of Iraq and bordering Basra, Missan has a total population of 824,147 (excluding Syrian refugees and IDPs). It is one of the poorest governorates in the country. In May, IOM staff reported that the weakened economy in the governorate continued to impede construction and investment projects.
Consisting of Qala’at Saleh, Al-Mejar Al-Kabir, Al-Maimouna and Al-Kahla districts, the marshlands comprise 40 per cent of the governorate. Reportedly, the population residing in the marshlands supported the Shi’a political movements that spread in southern Iraq after the American Intervention. The area continues to suffer economically and socially from environmental changes, caused by the previous government’s policy of draining the south-eastern Iraq marshes in the early 1990s to eradicate Shia’ opposition movements.
Although not directly affected by the continued violence in Iraq over the past decade, Missan received nearly 40,000 IDPs displaced in 2006. Renewed conflict in 2014 brought over 7,000 people, mostly from Ninewa. Total IDPs in Missan amount to less than 1 per cent of the overall number in the country and reside in Amara district, the governorate‘s capital and administrative centre, an desirable destination due to availability of basic services.
Security remains relatively stable; however, IOM staff reported conflicts originating from the traditional, tribal structure of the governorate.