Thi-Qar governorate profile, August 2015
Located in southern Iraq, Thi-Qar has a total population of 1,616,226 individuals, excluding Syrian refugees and IDPs. The governorate mostly depends on agriculture, and used to rely on the marshlands that covered Al-Shatra and Al-Chibayish districts. However, the marshland areas were drained in the 1980s, severely affecting the governorate’s economy, and these two districts are now considered the poorest in Thi-Qar.
Thi-Qar was not as affected as other governorates by the past decade’s violence but it did host over 57,000 of the 2006 IDPs.
The outbreak of conflict in 2014 brought over 9,330 individuals who displaced mostly from Ninewa to Thi-Qar; however the total IDP population in Thi-Qar still represents less than 1% of the total IDP population in Iraq. The majority of those who displaced reside in Nassiriya district, the governorate’s capital and administrative center, which continues to attract IDPs due to the availability of basic services.
The security situation remains relatively stable, but IOM staff members have reported conflicts that mostly originate in the traditional, tribal and social fabric of the governorate’s population. Reportedly, there have been tensions between the host communities (HC) and IDPs because of the general belief that IDPs are favored by humanitarian aid agencies, in a community that is already very poor.