Thi-Qar governorate profile, June 2015
Thi-Qar is located in southern Iraq. With a total population of 1,616,226 individuals, the governorate depends mostly on agriculture. In the past, the agrarian economy depended on the marshlands, which covered Al-Shatra and Al-Chibayish districts. The draining of the Marshland areas during the 1980s severely affected the governorate’s economy. As a result, the aforementioned districts are now considered the poorest in Thi-Qar. Thi-Qar wasn’t as directly affected by the violence ongoing in Iraq over the past decade as other governorates, however it hosted over 57,000 of the 2006 IDPs. Recently, the outbreak of conflict in 2014 brought here over 8,800 individuals who displaced mostly from Ninewa. The total IDP population in Thi-Qar amounts to less than 1% of the total IDP population in Iraq. The majority of those who displaced reside in Nassiriya district - the governorate‘s capital and administrative centre, which continues to attract IDPs due to the availability of basic services. The security situation remains relatively stable. However, IOM staff reported conflicts, which originate from the traditional, tribal social fabric of the governorate population. Reportedly, there were tensions between HC and IDPs due to the common belief that IDPs were favored by humanitarian aid in a host community that is already very poor.